google-play-not-available-title

google-play-not-available-text

Phidippus

Phidippus
Phidippus
Mobile App
An insect specialist
right in your pocket
Download from AppStoreDownload from GooglePlayDownload from AppStore
Download from AppStore

Summary

Phidippus is a genus in the family Salticidae (jumping spiders). Some of the largest jumping spiders inhabit this genus, and many species are characterized by their brilliant, iridescent green chelicerae. Phidippus is distributed almost exclusively in North America, with the exception of two exported species (Phidippus audax and Phidippus regius). , there were about 80 described species in the genus. Species previously described in Phidippus which are found in India and Bangladesh do not belong in this genus.

Phidippus

Phidippus

Scientific classification

kingdom: Animalia
phylum: Arthropoda
class: Arachnida
order: Araneae
family: Salticidae

Species

Phidippus audax

Bold Jumping Spider

Phidippus audax

READ MORE
Phidippus adumbratus

Phidippus adumbratus

Phidippus adumbratus

READ MORE
Phidippus arizonensis

Phidippus arizonensis

Phidippus arizonensis

READ MORE
Phidippus clarus

Brilliant Jumper

Phidippus clarus

READ MORE
Phidippus johnsoni

Johnson's Jumping Spider

Phidippus johnsoni

READ MORE
Phidippus texanus

Phidippus texanus

Phidippus texanus

READ MORE
Phidippus putnami

Putnam's Jumping Spider

Phidippus putnami

READ MORE
Phidippus mystaceus

High Eyelashed Jumping Spider

Phidippus mystaceus

READ MORE
Phidippus whitmani

Whitman's Jumping Spider

Phidippus whitmani

READ MORE
Phidippus princeps

Grayish Jumping Spider

Phidippus princeps

READ MORE
Phidippus cardinalis

Cardinal Jumping Spider

Phidippus cardinalis

READ MORE
Phidippus regius

Regal Jumping Spider

Phidippus regius

READ MORE
Phidippus apacheanus

Apache Jumping Spider

Phidippus apacheanus

READ MORE
Phidippus carolinensis

Carolina Jumping Spider

Phidippus carolinensis

READ MORE
Phidippus otiosus

canopy jumping spider

Phidippus otiosus

READ MORE

Name

The genus name is likely derived from Cicero's speech Pro Rege Deiotaro (Speech in Behalf of King Deiotarus): Phidippus was a slave who was physician to King Deiotaros. Literally, the word means "one who spares horses" in Ancient Greek. The name for the jumping spider family, Salticidae, also comes from the verb "to jump" in Latin.

Misplaced species

In addition to the species above, several species have been misplaced in the genus (according to Edwards' revision) but have yet to be transferred to other genera. These include: - Phidippus aeneidens Taczanowski, 1878 – Peru - Phidippus albocinctus Caporiacco, 1947 – Guyana - Phidippus bengalensis Tikader, 1977 – India - Phidippus bhimrakshiti Gajbe, 2004 – India - Phidippus birabeni Mello-Leitão, 1944 – Argentina - Phidippus calcuttaensis Biswas, 1984 – India - Phidippus exlineae Caporiacco, 1955 – Venezuela - Phidippus guianensis Caporiacco, 1947 – Guyana - Phidippus hingstoni Mello-Leitão, 1948 – Guyana - Phidippus khandalaensis Tikader, 1977 – India - Phidippus majumderi Biswas, 1999 – Bangladesh - Phidippus punjabensis Tikader, 1974 – India - Phidippus tenuis Kraus, 1955 – El Salvador - Phidippus tirapensis Biswas & Biswas, 2006 – India - Phidippus yashodharae Tikader, 1977 – Andaman Is. - Phidippus zebrinus Mello-Leitão, 1945 – Argentina

Bibliography

- 🇦🇹 (1965): Observations on Three Species of Phidippus Jumping Spiders (Araneae: Salticidae). Psyche 72:133-147 PDF (P. californicus = P. coccineus, P. apacheanus, P. octopunctatus = P. opifex) - 🇦🇹 (editors) (2005): Spiders of North America: An Identification Manual. American Arachnological Society ISBN: 0-9771439-0-2 - 🇦🇹 (2004): Revision of the jumping spiders of the genus Phidippus (Araneae: Salticidae). Occasional Papers of the Florida State Collection of Arthropods 11: i-viii, 1-156, 350 figs.

Videos

- David Edwin Hill: Portrait of feeding female Phidippus audax – Video - David Edwin Hill: Variable female forms of the jumping spider Phidippus clarus – Video

Pictures

- "Bold Jumping Spider" - Phidippus audax - Awesome Spiders: Photographs of P. arizonensis - Phidippus clarus diagnostic photographs, male and female specimens - Phidippus mystaceus photographs, adult male specimen - Phidippus princeps reference photographs - Phidippus otiosus adult male specimen - Catalog of genus Phidippus - Pictures of Phidippus species - Picture of Phidippus species (free for noncommercial use)